The crushing national recession has brought hardship to many DC families. Unemployment has more than doubled over the past two years and public needs are rising dramatically ‘ but the District has fewer resources to meet those needs because revenues have declined sharply.
To make it through this crisis, it’s important for DC’s response to preserve crucial investments in health care, education, social services, and affordable housing. The proposed budget now before the Council takes steps to preserve services, yet it still includes many serious cuts ‘ in child care, job training, mental health, disability services, police and public works ‘ and it offers little help for Metro’s funding crisis.
DC’s budget has been cut back sharply in the recession. The proposed local budget for 2011 is $600 million lower than in FY 2008, and reflects a wide array of cuts to services like education and health care.
These cuts hurt families struggling to stay afloat and jeopardize DC’s ability to make the most of prosperity when it returns. The city already has suffered from cuts in schools, libraries, recreation centers, and homeless services ‘ threatening our wellbeing now and in the future.
Most states are taking a balanced approach to the recession. Instead of only cuts, they also have used reserve funds and raised taxes. That’s the reasonable course; there is no single way to solve a problem this big.
Together with the Fair Budget Coalition, DCFPI is proposing a balanced approach to the FY 2011 budget, one that includes new revenue to maintain services and meet growing needs. Our ideas include:
- Increase the income tax for the wealthiest. DC residents making $40,000 a year and those who make $1 million pay the same income tax rate today. Increasing the rate on those making more than $200,000 a year would raise up to $40 million and affect less than 5% of households.
- End DC’s tax exemption for interest paid on out-of-state bonds. Only DC and Indiana provide income tax breaks for residents that invest in other states’ infrastructure. Eliminating this exemption would raise $10 million and help give District residents an incentive to invest in DC’s roads and bridges, rather than in other states’ projects.
- Update the sales tax to include more services. DC’s sales tax was created at a time when people spent more on goods than services. Today it’s the other way around. Adding more services to DC’s general sales tax ‘ like pet grooming, health club memberships, and theater tickets ‘ would raise more than $14 million.
- Increase the minimum tax on businesses. Nearly two-thirds of DC businesses pay only $100 a year in taxes. Increasing the minimum tax to $250 would raise $3 million or more.
- Bring parity to the alcohol tax. Alcohol consumed at a restaurant is taxed at 10 percent. Bought at a store, it’s taxed at 9 percent. Setting both rates at 10 percent would raise $3 million.
- Tap into DC’s “Rainy Day Fund.” The city has set aside almost $300 million in reserve funds for tough times, but overly restrictive federal rules keep that money off limits. City leaders should work with Congress to ease these onerous rules.
We urge our Councilmembers to consider these alternatives so that we can protect crucial services and invest in DC’s future.
- The Middle Class Squeeze: DC’s Tax System Falls Most Heavily on Moderate-Income Families
- Stop Rewarding the Wrong Behavior: DC Should Eliminate its Tax Break for Investing in Other States’ Bonds
- Expanding the District’s Sales Tax Can Raise Revenue, While Increasing Tax Fairness
- Raising Revenue by Creating a New Tax Bracket for Top Earners: A Progressive Approach to Addressing DC’s Budget Shortfall
- No Shelter from the Storm: DC’s Rainy Fund Is Inaccessible in the Midst of a Severe Fiscal Crisis